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Root Canal Treatment in Mount Pleasant, Michigan

Root Canal | Dental Procedures | Kenneth Egger, DDS Family Dentistry | Mount Pleasant, MI

What is a Root Canal?

A root canal is an effective way to deal with a tooth infection without extraction. The procedure can provide immediate relief from toothache. After restoration with a crown, the tooth should look natural and function properly again.


How Does Tooth Infection Occur?

Every tooth has a one or more roots that keep the tooth in place in the jawbone. Nerves and blood vessels run through several tiny channels or “canals” in the root into the pulp at the center of the tooth. When a cavity or fracture allows bacteria to penetrate through the hard outer layers of the tooth into the pulp, the pulp may become infected. This is called a tooth infection or a tooth abscess. The bacteria spreads down into the root canals and can enter the surrounding gum tissue as well. This inflammation of the nerve and surrounding tissue is usually very painful. A root canal procedure is designed to:

  • Minimize pain
  • Reduce swelling
  • Remove infected and dead tooth tissue
  • Get rid of bacteria and prevent it from spreading
  • Keep healthy tooth structure intact
  • Restore the function and appearance of the affected tooth


What are the Symptoms of Tooth Infection?

You may first notice this problem when you find a cavity or start having pain in your tooth. The pain may extend into your gums and jaw. The area may be inflamed and swollen. As infection progresses, the abscess may spread into the gums and the area may drain foul smelling pus. Advanced infection can cause fever, nausea and vomiting. Swelling can spread into the neck and throat, making breathing and swallowing difficult. These are signs of a potentially life-threatening tooth abscess that requires emergency treatment.

Root canals are most effective and have the quickest recovery time if you catch them early. If the infection has gone too far, it may not be possible to save the tooth. That’s why it is important to seek help as soon as the first symptoms appear. Don’t be fooled if your tooth stops hurting on its own. This may just mean the nerve has been destroyed – it doesn’t mean the infection is gone!


Root Canal Procedure Overview

This procedure is performed using a local anesthetic along with nitrous oxide. An x-ray of the infected tooth shows where the root canals are located. A small hole is drilled into the tooth so the pulp can be removed. Small round files are inserted into the hole to scrape out and remove dead pulp and bacterial debris from the root canals. The inside of the tooth is washed out and may be treated with a topical antibiotic to ensure all bacteria are eliminated. The root canals leading down into the base of the tooth are sealed off with a type of dental putty. A dental filling or a crown is placed as the final step to restore the tooth.


Recovery & Side Effects from Root Canal Therapy

Recovery after this procedure is usually pretty fast. There may be swelling, bruising, and discomfort for the first two or three days. This is typically most noticeable right around the treated tooth; but your whole mouth might feel sore from having it propped open with a rubber dam during the procedure. Rinsing several times a day with warm salt water, sleeping with your head elevated and using over the counter pain relief medication often help with these symptoms.

The tooth may feel sensitive to pressure. However, the tooth nerve is removed during the root canal procedure which helps limit pain. Within two weeks, the area should feel normal again. By one month, the tooth should be fully restored with a permanent crown. You will need to begin gently brushing and flossing as soon as possible to keep the area clean and reduce the risk of further decay or infection.


To learn more about our dental services, please call us today to schedule a consultation.